News Item: : Bougainvillea
(Category: Decorative flowering)
Posted by gradinar
Thursday 24 July 2008 - 09:13:10

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Bugenviliite belong to the family and serve vechernikovite surprise: what most people think of bright colorful flowers, not just colors and bright leaves, which conceal nondescript cream colors.
Homeland of South American bugenviliyata are high plateaus, where the French Admiral Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811) discovered this and it moved the plant in Europe.
In nature bugenvileyata a liana, shrub or even a tree. Its fresh leaves are green with almond-shaped egg. The colors are yellow-white, small, nondescript. They are surrounded by brightly colored bracts, up to 6 cm long bracts It add beauty and irresistible charm bugenvileyata.
Its leaves are light green with almond-shaped egg. Small cream flowers are wrapped in large, very thin, high-colored leaves. They are orange, karminenocherveno, pink, cream and white. Flowers in May and June.

Among the many types and varieties of creeping shrub for culture in a large bowl suitable mainly rozovovioletovata Bougainvillea glabra and its variants "Sanderiana and Alexandra. In court, they can reach a height of Park. To blossom magnificently, it is necessary hot and sunny summer. Along with these two well-known variations in the typical bugenviliyata plum, tropical plant and other surprising colors. In hybrid varieties bugenvilii found with white, yellow, orange, blood red and keremidenocherveni tones. Sometimes the colors are mixed together. In India there are hundreds of California and selected forms. They are derived from crosses of different types and indicated as Bougainvillea x buttiana. Interestingly, the bright leaves appear as spontaneous changes in the genetic system of pure white varieties. If you grow these hybrids certainly interesting, you should know that they are not as healthy as a variety Bougainvillea glabra. Experts recommend them primarily for winter gardens.
Flowering period: April to June, but due to unfavorable conditions in the country of light and temperature in the spring - usually later.
Origin: Brazil. Appears in the Mediterranean parts of Turkey and southern parts of Greece.
Bugenviliyata grow very well in air and sun. Must be a bright, cool and far from over. But best would be a summer flower is exported to the open, as is the dappled shade to full compliments to the sunny spot. In the first snap pot must be gathered in the home.
Substrate: Optimal finger. Use a food soil, which adds a little gravel. Young plants to transplant once every 2 years and older - for 3-5 years, taking care not to injure the roots. It is good to do good drainage - for example from 2-3 cm layer keramzit. Bugenvileyata not always tolerate transplanting well - it is possible to drop off leaves or bracts. It was also found that if the pot is too large, bugenvileyata bloom less, but grow on foliage. Therefore, replanting is done only when absolutely necessary.
Irrigation, fertilization: In the summer watering with plenty of hot water in the morning hours when the upper layer of soil is dried. Excess water should be immediately discarded. Until August natoryava each week. High need for nutrients. Bugenvileyata likes preuvlazhnenata as soil and dry soil substrate.

Bugenvileyata likes high humidity. Therefore, it can be sprayed, taking care not to fall on the water bracts.
Other care: ensuring a stable climbing device (guard of honor, skeletal structure). If it grows too much, is podstrigva.
Winter: The bright and cool (8-10 ° C). Retractable with dried root tuft. Too long shoots are cut off. When the leaves fall, no longer watered and not allowed to cool roots, since decay. Relegation leaves are removed regularly. In 2 to 4 years are planted in the new substrate in the spring. To blossom as before, the plant is placed in March to a sunny window.
In winter, watering dramatically reduced - it depends on the temperature at which plant winter. Particular caution should be watered plants in the winter at temperatures below 12 ° C to prevent decay. In December and January, watering can be stopped completely.
In winter spraying is necessary only if the plant is kept in a warm room where the air is dry. Plants, wintering at low temeperaturi not be sprayed to prevent fungal diseases and infections.
Pests, Diseases: Bugenvileyata often attacked by belokrilka, mites and mealy-bug. Young shoots are often striking leaf louse.
Propagation: By poluzreli cuttings in spring or summer (hard) to be immersed in vkorenitel and planted in a moist mixture of peat and sand buried by 1.2 mezhduvazliya. Cuttings to cover the pot and leave the holy place at about 25 ° C. Root for about a month.
Tips for setting: trimming is done either in early spring simultaneously with the initiation of growth or in autumn when the leaves fall off the plant. Branches to reduce by one third, if necessary - even by half. The thin, dry and weak branches are removed entirely. Trimming is necessary, because then bugenvileyata blooms much more abundant.

This news item is from Flower Encyclopedia
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