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Category: Decorative flowering

08 Mar : 15:25

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clivia3.jpgIn September 1815 was first discovered in South Africa Clive estestvoizpitatelya of William Birchall. In 1828 botanist John Land, describes plants imported to England as Clivia nobilis, in honor of Lady Charlotte Clive Florentin - Duchess of Nortambarlend.

Clive belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidaceae; Haemantheae).

At present there are five described species named, respectively, Clive C. nobilis, C. miniata, C. gardenii, C. caulescens and C. mirabilis. Another specific form known as marsh Clive is found in southern KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa).

Clive (Clivia) is particularly beloved among representatives of the family Amarilisovi. The small genus to which it belongs, there are only 5 types which come from South Africa. They are herbaceous plants with large short rhizome and thick fleshy roots. By rhizome out bilaterally located lentovidni thick sheets of dark green color. During each growing season form 4-5 new leaves, which endure for several years.

The most commonly cultivated species Clivia miniata - Cinnabar Clive. Spring appears high and floral flat, crowned face of 10-12 colors similar to those of hipeastruma, but smaller. They are usually colored in orange, but there are forms with yellow, cream and red colors. Colors posledovetelno open one after another, so split period is longer. If pollinated artificially color after 9-10 months we will have ripe fruit - bright and beautiful orange-red in tsvyat.Za to flourish, Clive require a period of rest. It starts in September and lasts for young plants 2 months and for adults - a long time. In September, watering the flower is suspended and will be accommodated in a holy place with a temperature around 10 degrees. If the leaves begin to droop, pour very scarce. After the break ended, began a careful watering to avoid rotten roots. Once new leaves appear, add water soluble fertilizer plant to gather forces and to blossom.


Be grown Clive is not difficult if you observe some basic rules associated with soil, irrigation, fertilization, light, temperature and diseases and pests on them.

During the vegetation period is a suitable temperature between 15-20 C. In the summer it's good to export in the open shade. From November to January there is a need to rest, ie almost no watering. In autumn and winter leaves Wiping with a damp cloth.

If you leave the roots and soil of the plant to dry, the edges of the leaves will become brown. Clive should be watering with filtered water, as required careful not to water stagnates in the substrate.

Clive severe bear transplanting. Their roots are juicy, fleshy and serve as a reservoir for nutrients and water. When removing from the pot can break, and especially when copious irrigation to rotten.

However, I take 2-3 years otesnyava pot - all of the fills are newly detki and their roots. Then replanting is necessary. Clive carefully removed from the pot and give detkite. Then be planted in new soil, and pot is draining well. First 3-4 days are not watered for zavyahnat any wounds on the roots. Water is gradually increased until the start watering thoroughly, but between two irrigations wait prosahne soil better. Transplanting when the plant becomes pretsafti and duration depends on the individual growing conditions.

Likes to be a light to polusenchesto place. It is suitable for growing east or west window. Clive likes to be moved and must always be facing the light from the same country, because otherwise it will not bloom.

Propagation: For it to multiply, divide with a sharp knife well developed, reaching at least 20 cm high side shoots with 4-5 leaves from the parent plant. The side shoots should have their own roots. Most favorable time is spring.
Should not flourish (if not complied with two standby) cover it with polyethylene and pour hot water.


1. Clive does not like to be planting in soil. Their roots are not made to live in the soil, often to decay, leaving only a superficial roots alive. Plants survive, but flourish key.
2. The roots of Clive require the presence of much oxygen around them. They hate to be wet, to have water retention. Heavy clay soils are bad for their cultivation.
3. High drain pots are better than low. The height of the pot determines its ability to pass water if the soil is porous enough.
4. To drain the water requires a physical connection between the bottom of the pot and soil. If the pot is in the air and has attached to it tightly saucer will be a layer of waterlogged soil. Substrate will act as a blotting sponge, which sucks the water will not leave it to otteche free. So do not put drainage material at the bottom of the pot and put the plant on a baking dish with sand or material which takes the water.
5. When we mix with different substrate particle size, the result is called a matrix. Produced so that small particles fill the pores which occur between the large particles, thereby creating a dense mixture. This is the secret of concrete - the particles of sand between the gravel fill nooks and cement, and harden them in their places. Permeability of ordinary sand and gravel plain is high, but when mixed in proper proportion to their permeability decreased sharply. So generally when we mix particles of different sizes to obtain the substrate, reducing the amount of oxygen in the soil and its drainage properties. If we add sand to a substrate composed of wooden barks, makes it more severe, with less oxygen and less porous. Remember that Clive is heavily dependent on high levels of oxygen in the soil.
6. Sand is not the same. Depends on what rock originated - quartzite, granite, etc. In principle, silica sand is best because it has the exact physical and chemical properties. What should be avoided in the use of river sand, the sand is derived from granite rocks destroyed. This kind of sand is very fine particles that occlude the substrate and when taken straight from the river, and often carries infect nematodes. Whatever you use sand, it is important to sift the fine particles.
7. What everyone is looking at a perfect substrate for growing is:
* Physically and chemically stable substrate (not to disintegrate or fall apart);
* Good ability to retain water;
* Good oxygen content, hence good drainage capability (air-filled porosity);
* Good ability to absorb fertilizers and transmission to the plant.

Characteristics of soil:

Clive does not like to be soaked, so that a good permeability. Should be used with sandy or sandy-clay soil. More important is the good permeability soil is porous. Adequate composting with crushed wafers will provide it. PH value must be of 5,5 to 6,5, it approximates the conditions offered by the package in their natural environment.

clivia miniata   amaryllidaceae   mirabilis   
Category: Decorative flowering

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clivia miniata   amaryllidaceae   mirabilis   

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